Different Benefits of Water Resources
According to science, the earth is commonly said as the blue planet of the universe, it is because of the water that covers almost the entire body of its surface. In reality, water covers the earth’s surface for about two-thirds of its entire mass, and the only three percent of it is fresh water. Salty water that had been found in the oceans has dominantly composed of 99. 7%. Out of the 3% freshwater, approximately 1% of it is accessible and the remaining 2% is hidden in the huge glacier in the innermost of the south and north pole. Most water that is consumed and used by humans comes from surface water resources. Meaning, the resources of this kind of water mainly from the exit of springs and in the rivers. River water is the surface type of water in which freshwater comes from, however, the majority of it is actually laid underground as an aquifer. Therefore, all humans commonly use freshwater both from ground and surface water.
Water is the vital element that is more resourceful across the planet, it is likewise the main source of production that enhances the economic structure of the society. Water is very crucial to all mankind as it is the essential element for human consumption, agricultural irrigation, power plant cooling system, and hydropower generation. Ocean and rivers also provide another factor in the life of man, as this is the source of fishes that feed the whole nation. Water resources come in various forms, and the three main categories are discussed below.
Saltwater is one of the biggest and most abundant bodies of water on the planet. This kind of water is not consumable to man as it is not potable for drinking. However using a desalination process, seawater can now become potable and man can drink in it. But the desalination process will expend a lot of money in order to remove the salt from the seawater to become drinkable. Immensely, there are lots of benefits that we can get from saltwater, fish are abundant and so with other marine life foods. Furthermore, the latest studies also promote the use of saltwater to be an energizer as electricity through its tidal movements.
Groundwater is another type of water resource and considered to be the most abundant as far as water supply is concerned. Groundwater that laid beneath the underground will also provide man the resources of freshwater. It is very important also to the life cycle of plants and animals. According to studies, water will go down and fill up the portion that is called the water table. Generally, groundwater can be valued by man through a well and in most cases, a water pump is used to pump out the water underground. Tremendous and continuous pumping of potable water underground will result in subsidence or soil erosion that results in a large sinkhole. That is why in some areas, water well is being discouraged to eliminate problems.
Surface water resources are another type of water category, these types of water are exposed mostly in some lakes and streams. This is one of the most useful types of water classification, such as farm irrigation, potable water supply, hydroelectric power, and livestock industry. It is highly recommended to have a water conservation scheme in order to defeat water shortage in the future. Nowadays, the government is now in the process of addressing the problem regarding water shortage due to the climate change phenomenon. They encourage also all mankind to do their share in conserving water.